Differences in PlayerLoad and pitch type in collegiate baseball players
Bullock GS., Schmitt AC., Chasse P., Little BA., Diehl LH., Butler RJ.
© 2019, © 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. PlayerLoad is derived from a tri-axial accelerometer device and is a measure of an athlete’s external training load. Tri-axial accelerometers (Optimeye S5, Catapult Sports, Melbourne, Australia) were worn by 25 collegiate pitchers during a pitching session. Pitches included fastballs, curve balls, sliders, and changeups. Peak and sum PlayerLoad were calculated for fastballs, curve balls, sliders, and changeups. Statistical analysis included paired t-tests (p < 0.01) and effect size indexes (ESI). Peak and sum PlayerLoad were higher for fastballs compared to changeups (N = 20; ESIpeak = 0.47, p= 0.001 and ESISum = 0.13, p = 0.001, respectively). Peak and sum PlayerLoad were not different comparing fastball to curveball (N = 12; ESIpeak = 0.24, p = 0.050 and ESISum<0.01, p = 0.106) and fastball to slider (N = 12; ESIpeak = 0.32, p = 0.088 and ESISum = 0.02, p = 0.221). Fastball velocity (37.1 ± 2.1 m/s) differed from the changeup (33.8 ± 1.9 m/s; p < 0.001), curveball (32.2 ± 1.2; p < 0.001), and slider (33.8 ± 1.3 m/s; p < 0.001). Pitching workload may differ based on pitch type. Pitch counts may not capture true player fatigue due to variability in stresses resulting from different pitch types.