BACKGROUND: Delayed gastric emptying may impair l-dopa absorption, contributing to motor fluctuations. We evaluated the effect of camicinal (GSK962040), a gastroprokinetic, on the absorption of l-dopa and symptoms of PD. METHODS: Phase II, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Participants were randomized to receive camicinal 50 mg once-daily (n = 38) or placebo (n = 20) for 7 to 9 days. RESULTS: l-dopa exposure was similar with coadministration of camicinal compared to placebo. Median time to maximum l-dopa concentration was reduced, indicating more rapid absorption of l-dopa. Camicinal resulted in significant reduction in OFF time (-2.31 hours; 95% confidence interval: -3.71, -0.90), significant increase in ON time (+1.88 hours; 95% confidence interval: 0.28, 3.48) per day, and significant decrease in mean total MDS-UPDRS score (-12.5; 95% confidence interval: -19.67, -5.29). Camicinal treatment was generally well tolerated. CONCLUSIONS: PD symptom improvement with camicinal occurred in parallel with more rapid absorption of l-dopa. This study provides evidence of an improvement of the motor response to l-dopa in people with PD treated with camicinal 50 mg once-daily compared with placebo, which will require further evaluation. © 2017 The Authors. Movement Disorders published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society.
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Clinical trials Randomized controlled (CONSORT agreement), Parkinson's disease/parkinsonism, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Analysis of Variance, Antiparkinson Agents, Area Under Curve, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Double-Blind Method, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Levodopa, Male, Middle Aged, Parkinson Disease, Piperazines, Piperidines, Statistics, Nonparametric, Treatment Outcome