The Evidence Behind Peroxide in Orthopedic Surgery.
Navarro SM., Haeberle HS., Sokunbi OF., Frankel WC., Wera GD., Mont MA., Ramkumar PN.
Peroxide is a strong oxidizing agent and disinfectant frequently used in orthopedic surgery. The authors conducted a systematic literature review of peroxide in orthopedic surgery, evaluating use, complications, efficacy, and appropriate concentrations. One hundred seventy-five reports were identified, with 24 being eligible for analysis. Orthopedic surgeons used peroxide for irrigation and bacterial reduction in various procedures. Complications included cytotoxicity, allergic reactions, suture damage, and inflammation. Use of the standard concentration of 3% peroxide and standard time in situ are without evidence. Laboratory studies suggest that diluted concentrations retain the benefit of bacterial decolonization without increasing the risk for complications. [Orthopedics. 2018; 41(6):e756-e764.].