Clinical Results of Direct Anterior Approach THA with Minimal Fluoroscopic Exposure Optimization Techniques.
Navarro SM., Frey C., Blackwell T., Voges SB., Del Schutte H.
PURPOSE: To determine if low-level intraoperative fluoroscopy usage is associated with increased complications during an initial series for an experienced surgeon transitioning to direct anterior approach (DAA) for total hip arthroplasty (THA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects who underwent DAA were eligible for analysis. Inclusion criteria included the first 50 subjects who underwent DA hip arthroplasty by a single surgeon (January 2013 to December 2014). Total operating room (OR) time, fluoroscopy absorbed dose, flouoroscopy time, procedure time, and complications were collected and analyzed. Subject demographics were also collected with subjects divided by date of surgery to one of two possible groups. Simple linear regression analysis was performed to determine the relation between case number and both radiation dose and fluoroscopy time. RESULTS: Subjects underwent DAA total hip arthroplasty (n=45). Total OR time ranged from 1.1hrs up to 2.5 hours. Surgeries required an average fluoroscopic time of 7.8 seconds, with improvement over the series of 3.7 seconds. The average radiation dose or fluoroscopy was 2.6 mrem per case. This resulted in a total estimated exposure of 127 mrem over a 23-month period. No patients suffered intraoperative or postoperative fractures or revisions. No significant difference was found for the groups by weight, age, height, and body mass index. Regression analysis yielded a statistically significant (p<0.05) decrease in fluoroscopy time of 0.36 seconds per case over the 45 cases studied. CONCLUSION: An experienced single surgeon's learning curve in DAA THA can be accelerated, with proper training and technique, within a lifetime case experience less than 50 procedures. Surgeons should be aware that with proper techniques and sufficiently-experienced teams, a flattened learning curve is attainable while minimizing fluoroscopy exposure and maintaining clinical outcomes.