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INTRODUCTION: Forced-air warming devices have been reported to present a potential risk for surgical site infections (SSIs) and periprosthetic joint infections. Due to a lack of consensus, we reviewed the infection risk of forced-air warming devices. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature review was performed, evaluating overall infection risk and bacterial load. A total of eight studies reporting outcomes from 1,965 subjects were included. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: There is no current evidence in the orthopaedic literature that forced-air warming devices translate to increased SSIs. Accordingly, these devices should continue to be used for the maintenance of intraoperative normothermia.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Surg technol int

Publication Date

22/12/2017

Volume

31

Pages

295 - 301

Keywords

Air Microbiology, Colony Count, Microbial, Heating, Humans, Operating Rooms, Risk Factors, Surgical Wound Infection