Bland-Altman methods for comparing methods of measurement and response to criticisms
Mansournia MA., Waters R., Nazemipour M., Bland M., Altman DG.
© 2021 Introduced in 1983, Bland-Altman methods is now considered the standard approach for assessment of agreement between two methods of measurement. The method is widely used by researchers in various disciplines so that the Bland-Altman 1986 Lancet paper has been named as the 29th mostly highly cited paper ever, over all fields. However, two papers by Hopkins (2004) and Krouwer (2007) questioned the validity of the Bland-Altman analysis. We review the points of critical papers and provide responses to them. The discussions in the critical papers of the Bland-Altman method are scientifically delusive. Hopkins misused the Bland-Altman methodology for research question of model validation and also incorrectly used least-square regression when there is measurement error in the predictor. The problem with Krouwers' paper is making sweeping generalisation of a very narrow and somewhat unrealistic situation. The method proposed by Bland and Altman should be used when the research question is method comparison.