Infected wounds caused by persistent inflammation exhibit poor vascularization and cellular infiltration. In order to rapidly control the inflammatory effect and accelerate wound healing, it is necessary to develop a novel drug vehicle addressing the need for infected wounds. Herein, we developed a novel dual-drug delivery system with micrometer-scale alginate fibers encapsulated in instant self-assembly peptide hydrogel. Short peptides with the sequence of Nap-Gly-Phe-Phe-Lys-His (Nap-GFFKH) could self-assemble outside the microfluidic-based alginate microfibers in weak acidic solution (pH ≈ 6.0) within 5 s. The gelation condition is close to the pH environment of the human skin. We further constructed recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) in fibrous alginate, which was encapsulated in antibiotic-loaded peptide hydrogel. The dual-drug delivery system exhibited good mechanical property and sustained release profiles, where antibiotic could be rapidly released from the peptide hydrogel, while the growth factor could be gradually released within 7 days. Both in vitro antibacterial experiments and in vivo animal experiments confirmed that such a dual-drug delivery system has good antibacterial activity and enhances wound healing property. We suggested that the dual-drug delivery system could be potentially applied for controlled drug release in infected wound healing, drug combination for melanoma therapy, and tissue engineering.
Acs biomater sci eng
5001 - 5011
dual-drug delivery, microfibers, microfluidics, peptide hydrogel, wound healing, Alginates, Animals, Cattle, Humans, Hydrogels, Microfluidics, Peptides, Wound Healing