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Adequate reporting of randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) is necessary to allow accurate critical appraisal of the validity and applicability of the results. The CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) Statement, a 22-item checklist and flow diagram, is intended to address this problem by improving the reporting of RCTs. However, some specific issues that apply to trials of nonpharmacologic treatments (for example, surgery, technical interventions, devices, rehabilitation, psychotherapy, and behavioral intervention) are not specifically addressed in the CONSORT Statement. Furthermore, considerable evidence suggests that the reporting of nonpharmacologic trials still needs improvement. Therefore, the CONSORT group developed an extension of the CONSORT Statement for trials assessing nonpharmacologic treatments. A consensus meeting of 33 experts was organized in Paris, France, in February 2006, to develop an extension of the CONSORT Statement for trials of nonpharmacologic treatments. The participants extended 11 items from the CONSORT Statement, added 1 item, and developed a modified flow diagram. To allow adequate understanding and implementation of the CONSORT extension, the CONSORT group developed this elaboration and explanation document from a review of the literature to provide examples of adequate reporting. This extension, in conjunction with the main CONSORT Statement and other CONSORT extensions, should help to improve the reporting of RCTs performed in this field.

Original publication

DOI

10.7326/0003-4819-148-4-200802190-00008

Type

Journal article

Journal

Annals of internal medicine

Publication Date

02/2008

Volume

148

Pages

295 - 309

Addresses

INSERM U738, AP-HP, Hôpital Bichat-Claude Bernard, and Université Paris 7 Denis Diderot, Paris, France. isabelle.boutron@bch.aphp.fr

Keywords

CONSORT Group, Therapeutics, Research Design, Quality Control, Publishing, Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic