Ventricular dyssynchrony index: comparison with two-dimensional and three-dimensional ejection fraction.
Vieira MLC., Cury AF., Gustavo N., Oliveira WA., Monaco CG., Cordovil A., Rodrigues ACT., Lira Filho EB., Fischer CH., Morhy SS.
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) electromechanical coupling (synchrony) is important in the analysis of the systolic performance, especially for the indication of cardiac resynchronization therapy in patients with advanced CHF. OBJECTIVE: To compare LV synchrony as analyzed by real-time three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography (ECHO) with LVEF measurements as obtained with 2D and 3D ECHO. METHODS: Prospective study of 92 individuals (56 men, 47 +/- 10 years of age), of which 60 had normal heart structure (ECHO) and ECG (N group), and 32 had dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM group). Using 3D ECHO, LVEF, volumes and dyssynchrony index (%DI) for 16 LV segments were measured. Using 2D ECHO, LVEF (Simpson's method), and LV systolic and diastolic volumes were measured. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Pearson's correlation coefficient, 95% CI, linear regression model, Bland & Altman analysis, p<0.05. RESULTS: %DI ranged from 0.2900 to 28.1000 (5.2014+/-6.3281), 3D LVEF ranged from 0.17 to 0.81 (0.52+/-0.17); and 2D LVEF ranged from 0.3 to 0.69 (0.49+/-0.11). The correlation between DI and 3D LVEF was (r): -0.7432, p<0.0001, CI: -0.8227 to -0.6350, the linear relation between DI (x) and 3D LVEF (y) was y = 19.8124 + (-27.9578) x, p<0.0001. The correlation between DI and 2D LVEF was (r): -0.7012, p<0.0001, CI: -0.7923 to -0.5797. CONCLUSION: In this case series, a good negative correlation was observed between LV electromechanical three-dimensional systolic coupling and LVEF as measured by echocardiography (3D and 2D).