Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Proinflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) might be, at least partially, responsible for the development of osteopenia or osteoporosis in Crohn's disease. We investigated whether anti-TNF therapy for Crohn's disease could have any skeletal impact. Therefore, we studied the effects of infliximab, a monoclonal antibody against TNF-alpha with and without bisphosphonates, on spinal bone mineral density (BMD). The effect of corticosteroids was also analyzed. A retrospective cohort analysis was performed on 61 patients with Crohn's disease and low BMD by serial DXA scans. Twenty-three patients were on infliximab and 36 patients were on bisphosphonates. Mean duration between DXA scans was 2.2 +/- 0.99 years. After controlling for corticosteroid use, patients with concurrent infliximab and bisphosphonate treatment exhibited a greater increase in BMD compared to those on bisphosphonates alone (+6.7%/year vs. +4.46%/year, P= 0.045); corticosteroids inhibited this effect (P= 0.025). However, infliximab alone had no effects on BMD. Patients receiving bisphosphonates showed a significant increase in lumbar spine BMD compared to those not on bisphosphonates (+3.97% change in T score/year vs. -3.68%/year, P < 0.0001). Concurrent corticosteroid use significantly inhibited this effect (+2.15%/year vs. +4.97%/year, P= 0.0014). Concurrent infliximab use may confer an additional benefit to that already documented for bisphosphonate use alone; bisphosphonates are beneficial in the treatment of low BMD in patients with Crohn's disease, though corticosteroids may partially inhibit this effect.

Original publication

DOI

10.1196/annals.1346.055

Type

Journal article

Journal

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Publication Date

04/2006

Volume

1068

Pages

543 - 556

Addresses

Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, 3615 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. pazianas@mail.med.upenn.edu

Keywords

Spine, Humans, Bone Diseases, Metabolic, Crohn Disease, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Retrospective Studies, Bone Density