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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Operative findings during revision of metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty (MOMHA) vary widely and can involve massive soft tissue and bone disruption. As a result, planning of theater time and resources is difficult, surgery is challenging, and outcomes are often poor. We describe our experience with revision of MOMHA and provide recommendations for management. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We present the findings and outcomes of 39 consecutive MOMHAs (in 35 patients) revised in a tertiary unit (median follow-up time 30 (12-54) months). The patients underwent a preoperative work-up including CT, metal artifact reduction sequence (MARS) MRI, and blood metal ion levels. RESULTS: We determined 5 categories of failure. 8 of 39 hips had conventional failure mechanisms including infection and impingement. Of the other 31 hips, 14 showed synovitis without significant disruption of soft tissue; 6 had a cystic pseudotumor with significant soft tissue disruption; 7 had significant osteolysis; and 4 had a solid pseudotumor. Each category of failure had specific surgical hazards that could be addressed preoperatively. There were 2 reoperations and 1 patient (2 hips) died of an unrelated cause. Median Oxford hip score (OHS) was 37 (9-48); median change (ΔOHS) was 17 (-10 to 41) points. ΔOHS was similar in all groups-except those patients with solid pseudotumors and those revised to metal-on-metal bearings, who fared worse. INTERPRETATION: Planning in revision MOMHA is aided by knowledge of the different categories of failure to enable choice of appropriate personnel, theater time, and equipment. With this knowledge, satisfactory outcomes can be achieved in revision of metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty.

Original publication

DOI

10.3109/17453674.2013.797313

Type

Journal article

Journal

Acta orthop

Publication Date

06/2013

Volume

84

Pages

237 - 245

Keywords

Adult, Aged, Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip, Equipment Failure Analysis, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Hip Prosthesis, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Metals, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Prosthesis Design, Prosthesis Failure, Prosthesis-Related Infections, Reoperation, Synovitis, Tomography, X-Ray Computed, Treatment Outcome