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We report a sensitivity of the osteoclast cell surface Ca2+ receptor to extracellular protons. Freshly isolated rat osteoclasts were exposed to the known agonists of the Ca2+ receptor, Ca2+ and Ni2+, in extracellular solutions set at different pH values. Decreasing the extracellular pH from 7.8 to 4.0 units markedly potentiated the cytosolic Ca2+ signals elicited in response to Ca2+ receptor activation by either Ni2+ (50 microM, 500 microM or 5 mM) or Ca2+ (5 mM). Each response consisted of a rapid and usually transient elevation of cytosolic [Ca2+]. Maximal cytosolic [Ca2+] responses were obtained at pH values of 6.6 (for 5 mM-[Ni2+]) and 4.0 units (for 5 mM-[Ca2+]). Finally, the effects of extracellular pH persisted in Ca(2+)-free, EGTA-containing solutions, suggesting a modulation of intracellular Ca2+ release.

Original publication




Journal article


Biochem biophys res commun

Publication Date





742 - 747


Animals, Animals, Newborn, Calcium, Calcium-Binding Proteins, Cell Membrane, Cells, Cultured, Cytosol, Egtazic Acid, Fura-2, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Nickel, Osteoclasts, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Spectrometry, Fluorescence