Modulation of the osteoclast Ca2+ receptor by extracellular protons: possible linkage between Ca2+ sensing and extracellular acidification.
Adebanjo OA., Shankar VS., Pazianas M., Zaidi A., Simon B., Huang CL., Zaidi M.
We report a sensitivity of the osteoclast cell surface Ca2+ receptor to extracellular protons. Freshly isolated rat osteoclasts were exposed to the known agonists of the Ca2+ receptor, Ca2+ and Ni2+, in extracellular solutions set at different pH values. Decreasing the extracellular pH from 7.8 to 4.0 units markedly potentiated the cytosolic Ca2+ signals elicited in response to Ca2+ receptor activation by either Ni2+ (50 microM, 500 microM or 5 mM) or Ca2+ (5 mM). Each response consisted of a rapid and usually transient elevation of cytosolic [Ca2+]. Maximal cytosolic [Ca2+] responses were obtained at pH values of 6.6 (for 5 mM-[Ni2+]) and 4.0 units (for 5 mM-[Ca2+]). Finally, the effects of extracellular pH persisted in Ca(2+)-free, EGTA-containing solutions, suggesting a modulation of intracellular Ca2+ release.