Evidence that a ryanodine receptor triggers signal transduction in the osteoclast.
Zaidi M., Shankar VS., Towhidul Alam AS., Moonga BS., Pazianas M., Huang CL.
We have investigated the effect of the alkaloid ryanodine on the release of intracellularly stored Ca2+ in response to activation of the osteoclast Ca2+ receptor by the surrogate agonist, Ni2+, Ni2+ (6 mM) in the presence of ethylene-glycol bis-(aminoethyl ether) tetraacetic acid (EGTA) (1.2 mM) and valinomycin (5 microM) induced a transient elevation of cytosolic [Ca2+] in fura 2-loaded osteoclasts. This transient was superimposed upon a small steady elevation of cytosolic [Ca2+] induced by the initial application of valinomycin alone. Ryanodine (10 microM) completely abolished such responsiveness. However, cytosolic [Ca2+] transients were restored when osteoclasts were depolarized by the extracellular inclusion of 100 mM-[K+] in the same solution. Thus, we demonstrate a sensitivity of the osteoclast signal transduction system to ryanodine for the first time to our knowledge.