Activation and inactivation of the osteoclast Ca2+ receptor by the trivalent cation, La3+.
Shankar VS., Alam AS., Bax CM., Bax BE., Pazianas M., Huang CL., Zaidi M.
We report changes in the cytosolic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) of single rat osteoclasts in response to Ca2+ receptor activation by micromolar concentrations of the lanthanide metal cation, La3+. The extracellular application of La3+ induced a concentration-dependent elevation of cytosolic [Ca2+]. Prior conditioning of osteoclasts with La3+ resulted in a concentration-dependent reduction of the response to a subsequent application of a maximally effective concentration of Ni2+, a known agonist of the osteoclast Ca2+ receptor. The results establish that the osteoclast Ca2+ receptor is highly sensitive to activation and inactivation by the trivalent cation, La3+.