Genetic analysis of MDR1 and inflammatory bowel disease reveals protective effect of heterozygous variants for ulcerative colitis.
Huebner C., Browning BL., Petermann I., Han DY., Philpott M., Barclay M., Gearry R., McCulloch A., Demmers P., Ferguson LR.
BACKGROUND: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the multidrug transporter MDR1 have been associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in different studies. However, the data are highly controversial. Recently, 6 haplotype tagging SNPs (tSNPs), representing the haplotype variations of the MDR1 gene, were identified. The aims of this study were to genotype these variants and correlate them to disease phenotype in New Zealand IBD patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 784 IBD patients and 200 healthy subjects were genotyped for 5 tSNPs and the triallelic MDR1 variant G2677T/A using the Sequenom MassArray platform. Furthermore, the effects of these variants were examined in correlation with phenotypic clinical features. RESULTS: Heterozygous carriers for the variants C1236T, rs2235046 (an SNP in intron 16), and G2677T/A showed a lower risk of developing ulcerative colitis (C1236T: odds ratio [OR] = 0.63, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.42-0.93, P = 0.03; G2677T/A: OR = 0.59, CI = 0.39-0.89, P = 0.02; and rs2235046: OR = 0.59, 95% CI = 0.38-0.91, P = 0.009) as compared with homozygotes. None of the analyzed markers were associated with Crohn's disease on a genotypic level. Subgroup analysis revealed an association for 2 variants with IBD when stratified for age of onset (C1236T SNP and rs3789243). The MDR1 variant C3435T was associated with disease behavior in CD (OR = 1.45, 95% CI = 1.01-2.08, P = 0.04), whereas the SNP rs3789243 was found to be associated with pancolitis in UC patients (OR = 1.35, CI = 1.00-1.82, P = 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study support the role of MDR1 as a candidate gene for ulcerative colitis. Furthermore, our results suggest the possibility of a heterozygous advantage for certain MDR1 variants for this disease.