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PURPOSE: To compare visual acuity (VA) assessed in healthy eyes and eyes with diabetic retinopathy (DR) using three different logMAR charts: the Sloan letter European-wide chart, the tumbling E chart, and the Landolt C chart. METHODS: Measurements on one eye of 40 volunteers (aged 29 ± 4 years) without visual impairment and 31 DR patients (aged 70 ± 9 years) with mild/moderate visual impairment were included. Visual acuity was assessed, with habitual refractive correction, using each of the three charts. Bland-Altman charts were constructed, and 95% limits of agreement were calculated to measure agreement. RESULTS: Mean VA in the group of young adults was -0.05 ± 0.10 (Sloan letter), -0.02 ± 0.13 (tumbling E), and 0.00 ± 0.12 (Landolt C) logMAR. Average VA estimates differed to a statistically significant extent between all charts. Mean VA in the DR group was 0.46 ± 0.25 (Sloan letter), 0.48 ± 0.26 (tumbling E), and 0.59 ± 0.28 (Landolt C). A statistically significant difference was observed for average Sloan letter versus Landolt C (p < 0.001) and tumbling E versus Landolt C (p < 0.001) acuities. Moreover, in healthy eyes, a moderate correlation (r = -0.38, p = 0.015) was found between the discrepancy in Sloan letter and Landolt C acuity and the mean VA estimate. The 95% limits of agreement were wide (more than approximately 0.2 logMAR for each comparison) and wider in the DR group chart comparisons than in healthy eyes. CONCLUSIONS: Landolt C charts resulted in worse VA estimates compared with letter and tumbling E charts in both young adults and visually impaired subjects with DR. These differences seem more pronounced in DR patients who exhibit worse VAs. The specific study population must be considered in comparing outcomes from different clinical practices.

Original publication

DOI

10.1097/opx.0b013e31827ce251

Type

Journal article

Journal

Optometry and vision science : official publication of the American Academy of Optometry

Publication Date

02/2013

Volume

90

Pages

174 - 178

Addresses

Institute of Vision and Optics, University of Crete, Greece. plainis@med.uoc.gr

Keywords

Humans, Diabetic Retinopathy, Vision Tests, Visual Acuity, Adult, Aged, Middle Aged, Female, Male