Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVE: Synovitis associated with osteoarthritis (OA) is directly responsible for several clinical symptoms and reflects OA's structural progression. This study sought to analyze the expression of proinflammatory mediations, including Interleukin (IL)-17 and IL-22, which play key roles in regulating inflammatory processes, in inflamed and non-inflamed areas of osteoarthritic synovium. METHODS: Synovium from knees of 32 OA patients were collected at surgery. Macroscopic evaluation of inflammation enabled inflamed and non-inflamed areas to be separated. Samples were incubated to obtain tissue-conditioned media. Quantitative mRNA expression of proinflammatory mediators was analyzed by RT-PCR and protein levels by ELISA and gelatin zymography. Immunohistochemistry and histology were performed. RESULTS: Inflamed synovium were characterized by increased leukocyte infiltration and a higher vessel-to-tissue area ratio than non-inflamed tissues. Macrophages, T and B lymphocytes, and some neutrophils were found only in the inflamed tissue, and only in the subintimal layer. Levels of proinflammatory cytokines and MMP-9 were significantly higher in tissue-conditioned media from inflamed than non-inflamed tissues. Inflamed areas were associated with higher expression of IL-17 and IL-22, both correlated with the combined release of IL-6, IL-23, and TGFβ1. CONCLUSION: Our results showed that inflammatory cytokines, including IL-17 and IL-22, are expressed at higher levels by inflamed OA synovium and suggest IL-22 involvement in OA pathophysiology. This study will help identify new therapeutic strategies for OA, especially the targeting of IL-22 to decrease inflammation.

Original publication




Journal article


Osteoarthritis cartilage

Publication Date





1843 - 1852


IL-17, IL-22, Osteoarthritis, Synovial inflammation, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Female, Gene Expression Regulation, Humans, Immunohistochemistry, Interleukin-17, Interleukins, Male, Middle Aged, Osteoarthritis, Knee, RNA, Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction, Synovial Membrane, Synovitis