Rapid in vitro corrosion induced by crack-like pathway in biodegradable Mg-10% Ca alloy.
Jung J-Y., Kwon S-J., Han H-S., Yang GF., Lee J-Y., Yang S-J., Cho S-Y., Cha P-R., Kim Y-Y., Kim Y-C., Seok H-K., Ahn J-P.
The in vitro corrosion mechanism of the biodegradable cast Mg-10% Ca binary alloy in Hanks' solution was evaluated through transmission electron microscopy observations. The corrosion behavior depends strongly on the microstructural peculiarity of Mg₂Ca phase surrounding the island-like primary Mg phase and the fast corrosion induced by the interdiffusion of O and Ca via the Mg₂Ca phase of lamellar structure. At the corrosion front, we found that a nanosized crack-like pathway was formed along the interface between the Mg₂Ca phase and the primary Mg phase. Through the crack-like pathway, O and Ca are atomically exchanged each other and then the corroded Mg₂Ca phase was transformed to Mg oxides. The in vitro corrosion by the exchange of Ca and O at the nanosized pathway led to the rapid bulk corrosion in the Mg-Ca alloys.