Intermittent chemotherapy (CT) plus continuous or intermittent cetuximab (C) in the first-line treatment of advanced colorectal cancer (aCRC): Results of the two-arm phase II randomized MRC COIN-B trial.
Wasan H., Adams RA., Wilson RH., Pugh C., Fisher D., Madi A., Sizer B., Butler R., Meade AM., Maughan T.
536^ Background: COIN-B is a trial of intermittent chemotherapy (ICT) plus intermittent cetuximab (C) vs ICT plus continuous C in the first-line treatment of aCRC. It complements the COIN trial by investigating how C might safely and effectively be added to an ICT strategy. METHODS: Patients (pts) had measurable aCRC; no prior CT for metastases; WHO PS 0-2 and good organ function. Randomisation was: Arm D - continuous OxFU + weekly C for 12 wks then a planned break from all therapy; Arm E - OxFU + weekly C for 12 wks then weekly C. Upon RECIST progression on either arm, OxFU (or FU) plus C was restarted and continued until progression on maximal tolerated therapy. Prospective KRAS testing was introduced in May 2008. Primary outcome measure is Failure-Free Survival (FFS) at 10 months (mo) in KRAS-wt pts who had not progressed, died or failed the treatment strategy within 3 mo of randomisation. The trial was powered to differentiate between a desired 10-mo FFS rate of 50% and a minimum of 35%, in 136 pts (168 allowing for drop-outs). Secondary outcome measures included safety, overall survival (OS) and toxicity. RESULTS: 169 KRAS-wt pts were randomised 07/07 to 06/10, 77 arm D / 92 arm E. Median age 64 years (IQR 55-70); 92% PS 0-1. In Arms D and E respectively, 65 (84%) and 67 (73%) pts were eligible for the primary analysis; 10-mo FFS rates were 48% vs 54% (one-sided 95% confidence limit 37% and 43% respectively). Median FFS was 12.0 vs 13.7 mo respectively (IQR 6.1-20.3 and 8.6-23.2). Median OS was 20.1 vs 18.4 mo. First CFI length was 3.7 mo vs 5.1 mo (IQR 2.5-6.2 and 2.5-8.9). In pre-planned exploratory analysis, median time to progression/death after chemo break was 3.1 mo (IQR 2.1-8.1) in Arm D and 6.0 mo (IQR 2.9-10.9) in Arm E. Toxicity was similar and only 1 arm D pt had G 3 hypersensitivity following C reintroduction. Analyses by BRAF & NRAS (tested retrospectively) will be presented. CONCLUSIONS: C was safely incorporated in 2 ICT strategies. Continuous C as maintenance was associated with a longer CFI and longer time to progression/death. This encouraging strategy of incorporating biological maintenance therapy needs validation in phase III trials.