Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The prostaglandin, 15-deoxy Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2), is a lipid mediator that plays an important role in the control of chronic inflammatory disease. However, the role of prostanoid in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is not well determined. We demonstrated the therapeutic effect of 15d-PGJ2 in an experimental model of arthritis. Daily administration of 15d-PGJ2 attenuated the severity of CIA, reducing the clinical score, pain, and edema. 15d-PGJ2 treatment was associated with a marked reduction in joint levels of proinflammatory cytokines. Although the mRNA expression of ROR-γt was profoundly reduced, FOXP3 was enhanced in draining lymph node cells from 15d-PGJ2-treated arthritic mice. The specific and polyclonal CD4+ Th17 cell responses were limited during the addition of prostaglandin to cell culture. Moreover, in vitro 15d-PGJ2 increased the expression of FOXP3, GITR, and CTLA-4 in the CD4+CD25- population, suggesting the induction of Tregs on conventional T cells. Prostanoid addition to CD4+CD25- cells selectively suppressed Th17 differentiation and promoted the enhancement of FOXP3 under polarization conditions. Thus, 15d-PGJ2 ameliorated symptoms of collagen-induced arthritis by regulating Th17 differentiation, concomitant with the induction of Tregs, and, consequently, protected mice from diseases aggravation. Altogether, these results indicate that 15d-PGJ2 may represent a potential therapeutic strategy in RA.

Original publication

DOI

10.1155/2016/9626427

Type

Journal article

Journal

Mediators of Inflammation

Publication Date

01/2016

Volume

2016

Addresses

Department of Biochemistry and Immunology, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, 14049-900 Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil.

Keywords

Animals, Mice, Inbred DBA, Mice, Arthritis, Experimental, Prostaglandin D2, Antigens, CD4, PPAR gamma, Male, Forkhead Transcription Factors, Interleukin-2 Receptor alpha Subunit, Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 3, Th17 Cells