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Osteocalcin (OC), a hormone secreted by osteoblasts, improves beta-cell function in vitro and in vivo. We aimed to understand the relationship between OC and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in pediatric diabetes.Children (n = 70; mean [SD] age = 11.8 years [3.1]; 34.3% non-Hispanic white, 46.3% Hispanic, 14.9% African-American, 4.5% other) newly diagnosed with diabetes (69.1% type 1 diabetes [T1D], 30.9% type 2 diabetes [T2D]) were studied. We collected clinical data at diagnosis and first clinical visit (V1) 9 weeks later (interquartile range [IQR] = 7.9-12.0). Serum undercarboxylated OC (uOC) and carboxylated OC (cOC) were measured 7.0 weeks (IQR 4.3-8.9) after diagnosis.Mean [SD] uOC was 20.3 (19.6) ng/mL, cOC 29.7 [13.7] ng/mL and u/cOC 0.68 [0.81]. uOC, cOC, or u/cOC were not different by gender, race/ethnicity, age, diabetes type, BMI percentile, or random C-peptide, glucose or HbA1c at diagnosis. However, among 61 children with V1 within 4 months of diagnosis, uOC was higher in those with V1 HbA1c < 7.5% (HbA1c < 58 mmol/mol) (uOC=33.1 [22.0]) compared with children with HbA1c ≥ 7.5% (uOC=17.4 [2.3], P = .0004). The difference was larger among patients with T2D (34.6 and 4.7 ng/mL, respectively, P = .0001) than T1D (32.2 and 19.3, P = .0169), and in males (36.1 and 17.4, P = .018) than females (27.6 and 17.3, P = .072). Analysis for u/cOC were similar while there were no differences in cOC. uOC was inversely correlated with HbA1c at V1 (Spearman's rho = -0.29, P = .02).Our findings suggest that serum uOC is inversely related to HbA1c shortly after diagnosis of pediatric diabetes. This potentially modifiable factor of glucose metabolism warrants further studies.

Original publication




Journal article


Pediatric diabetes

Publication Date





869 - 873


Diabetes and Endocrinology, Texas Children's Hospital, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas.