Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

AIMS: To examine the prevalence of micro- and macrovascular complications and their associated clinical characteristics at time of type 2 diabetes (T2D) diagnosis. METHODS: We examined the prevalence of complications and associated clinical characteristics among 6958 newly diagnosed T2D patients enrolled in the prospective Danish Center for Strategic Research in T2D cohort during 2010-2016. We calculated age- and gender-adjusted prevalence ratios (aPRs) of complications using log-binomial and Poisson regression. RESULTS: In total, 35% (n=2456) T2D patients had diabetic complications around diagnosis; 12% (n=828) had microvascular complications, 17% (n=1186) macrovascular complications, and 6% (n=442) had both. HbA1c levels of ≥7% were associated with microvascular complications [HbA1c 7%-8%; aPR: 1.35, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.12-1.62] but not macrovascular complications [aPR: 0.91, 95% CI: 0.76-1.08]. High C-peptide≥800pmol/L was associated with macrovascular [aPR 1.34, 95% CI: 1.00-1.80] but not microvascular [aPR 0.97, 95% CI: 0.71-1.33] complications. Macrovascular complications were associated with male sex, age>50years, obesity, hypertriglyceridemia, low HDL cholesterol, smoking, elevated CRP levels, and anti-hypertensive therapy. Microvascular complications were associated with high blood pressure, hypertriglyceridemia, and absence of lipid-lowering therapy. CONCLUSIONS: One-third of patients with T2D had diabetes complications around time of diagnosis. Our findings suggest different pathophysiological mechanisms behind micro- and macrovascular complications.

Original publication




Journal article


J diabetes complications

Publication Date





34 - 40


Epidemiology, Macrovascular complications, Microvascular complications, Risk factors, Type 2 diabetes, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cohort Studies, Cross-Sectional Studies, Delayed Diagnosis, Denmark, Diabetes Complications, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Diabetic Angiopathies, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Prevalence, Time Factors