Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

INTRODUCTION: To analyse physical activity participation in a community-dwelling people in England with hip fracture the interval prior to fracture, in the fracture recovery period, and a minimum of two years post-fracture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 215 individuals were identified from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing cohort (2002-2014) who sustained a hip fracture following a fall and for whom data were available on physical activity participation relating to the period pre-fracture, within-fracture recovery phase and post-fracture (minimum of two years). Physical activity was assessed using the validated ELSA physical activity questionnaire. Prevalence of 'low' physical activity participation was calculated and multi-level modelling analyses were performed to explore physical activity trajectories over the follow-up phase, and whether age, depression, gender and frailty were associated with physical activity participation. RESULTS: Prevalence of low physical activity participation within two years prior to hip fracture was 16.7% (95% Confidence Intervals (CI): 11.6% to 21.8%). This increased at the final follow-up phase to 21.3% (95% CI: 15.1% to 27.6%). This was not a statistically significant change (P = 0.100). Age (P = 0.005) and frailty (P < 0.001) were statistically significant explanatory variables (P = 0.005) where older age and greater frailty equated to lower physical activity participation. Neither gender (P = 0.288) nor depression (P = 0.121) were significant explanatory variables. CONCLUSION: Physical activity levels do not significantly change between pre-fracture to a minimum of two years post-hip fracture for community-dwelling individuals. This contrasts with previous reports of reduced mobility post-hip fracture, suggesting that 'physical activity' and 'mobility' should be considered as separate outcomes in this population.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





697 - 701


Community-dwelling, Femur, Fracture, Longitudinal, Physical activity, Recovery, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Aging, Biomechanical Phenomena, Disability Evaluation, England, Exercise, Female, Fracture Fixation, Internal, Health Surveys, Hip Fractures, Humans, Independent Living, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Mobility Limitation, Postoperative Period, Recovery of Function, Time Factors