Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

ABSTRACTObjectives:To determine the relationship between falls and deficits in specific cognitive domains in older adults. DESIGN: An analysis of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) cohort. SETTING: United Kingdom community-based. PARTICIPANTS: 5197 community-dwelling older adults recruited to a prospective longitudinal cohort study. MEASUREMENTS: Data on the occurrence of falls and number of falls, which occurred during a 12-month follow-up period, were assessed against the specific cognitive domains of memory, numeracy skills, and executive function. Binomial logistic regression was performed to evaluate the association between each cognitive domain and the dichotomous outcome of falls in the preceding 12 months using unadjusted and adjusted models. RESULTS: Of the 5197 participants included in the analysis, 1308 (25%) reported a fall in the preceding 12 months. There was no significant association between the occurrence of a fall and specific forms of cognitive dysfunction after adjusting for self-reported hearing, self-reported eyesight, and functional performance. After adjustment, only orientation (odds ratio [OR]: 0.80; 95% confidence intervals [CI]: 0.65-0.98, p = 0.03) and verbal fluency (adjusted OR: 0.98; 95% CI: 0.96-1.00; p = 0.05) remained significant for predicting recurrent falls. CONCLUSIONS: The cognitive phenotype rather than cognitive impairment per se may predict future falls in those presenting with more than one fall.

Original publication

DOI

10.1017/S1041610218002065

Type

Journal article

Journal

Int psychogeriatr

Publication Date

07/12/2018

Pages

1 - 8

Keywords

aged, cognitive skills, executive function, fall, injury, memory