Stratum-Specific Likelihood Ratio Analysis: An Evidence-Based and Pragmatic Approach to Meaningful Thresholds in Lower Extremity Arthroplasty.
Navarro SM., Haeberle HS., Mont MA., Krebs V., Ramkumar PN.
BACKGROUND: With the transition toward a value-based care delivery model, an evidence-based approach to quantify the effect of procedural volume on outcomes and cost presents an opportunity to understand and optimize the delivery of lower extremity arthroplasty. Stratum-specific likelihood ratio (SSLR) analysis has been recently applied to define benchmarks which confer a significant advantage in value at the hospital or surgeon level. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this report, the role, statistical technique, and future applications of SSLR analysis are described with an example outlined for total hip arthroplasty (THA). RESULTS: SSLR analysis provides multiple significant value-based thresholds, providing an advantage over previous methods used to describe the effects of surgeon and hospital volume. These benchmarks have been developed for THA, total knee arthroplasty (TKA), hip fracture, and several other orthopaedic procedures. Current SSLR analyses are limited by the databases employed, and the study of a national database may provide more generalizable benchmarks, which may be applied by hospitals and orthopaedic residencies to define minimum competency thresholds. CONCLUSION: The use of SSLR analysis provides a pragmatic, data-driven approach to understanding and communicating the volume-value relationship in orthopaedic surgery, particularly lower-extremity arthroplasty.