Mid- to long-term function and implant survival of ACL reconstruction and medial Oxford UKR.
Kennedy JA., Molloy J., Mohammad HR., Mellon SJ., Dodd CAF., Murray DW.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe mid- to long-term outcomes of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with simultaneous or staged medial unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR), and compare outcomes between (1) young patients aged younger than 55 at surgery and those older, (2) those with long-term follow-up greater than 10 years, (3) cemented and cementless UKR, and (4) compare outcomes to those with an intact ACL. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified knees with staged or simultaneous ACL reconstruction and medial UKR from a prospectively followed designer UKR cohort, and describe mean Oxford Knee Score (OKS), mean Tegner activity score and Kaplan-Meier survival estimates. We matched these knees to ACL-intact knees. RESULTS: Seventy-six consecutive UKR with staged or simultaneous ACL reconstruction were identified with mean six-year follow-up (range 1-15). There was significant improvement in OKS and Tegner score with surgery. At most recent follow-up, OKS was 41.0 (range 11 to 48), and Tegner score 3.6 (0 to 8). There were three revisions occurring at a mean of five years post-operatively. The five-, 10- and 15-year survival estimates were 97% (95% confidence interval [CI] 93-100), 92% (83-100), and 92% (83-100). There was no difference in functional scores or implant survival in young patients, those with long-term follow-up (>10 years), those with cementless fixation, or when compared to ACL intact knees. CONCLUSION: These results demonstrate excellent mid- to long-term function and survival of selected patients who have undergone ACL reconstruction and medial UKR. Their outcome was similar to those with intact ACLs.