Genetic influences in the aetiology of tears of the rotator cuff. Sibling risk of a full-thickness tear.
Harvie P., Ostlere SJ., Teh J., McNally EG., Clipsham K., Burston BJ., Pollard TCB., Carr AJ.
From a retrospective, cohort study of 205 patients diagnosed with full-thickness tears of the rotator cuff, we determined, using ultrasound, the prevalence of such tears in their 129 siblings. Using 150 spouses as controls, the relative risk of full-thickness tears in siblings versus controls was 2.42 (95% CI 1.77 to 3.31). The relative risk of symptomatic full-thickness tears in siblings versus controls was 4.65 (95% CI 2.42 to 8.63). The significantly increased risk for tears in siblings implies that genetic factors play a major role in the development of full-thickness tears of the rotator cuff.