Role of inflammatory mediators and adhesion molecules in the pathogenesis of aseptic loosening in total hip arthroplasties.
Sabokbar A., Rushton N.
Concentrations of prostaglandin E2, interleukin-6, and interleukin-8 were determined in the hip joint synovial fluid of 20 patients undergoing primary (n = 12) and revision (n = 8) total hip arthroplasties. Levels of soluble adhesion molecules were also investigated in these patients. There was a significant and marked increase in levels of prostaglandin E2 (P < .001), interleukin-6 (P < .011), interleukin-8 (P < .0002), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (P < .07), soluble vascular adhesion molecule 1 (P < .0006), and soluble endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule 1 (P < .0003) in joint fluid of patients undergoing revision. On the basis of these observations, it is suggested that synovial fluid and its inflammatory contents could play a significant role in the pathogenesis of aseptic loosening in total hip arthroplasties.