Deep phenotyping of 34,128 adult patients hospitalised with COVID-19 in an international network study.
Burn E., You SC., Sena AG., Kostka K., Abedtash H., Abrahão MTF., Alberga A., Alghoul H., Alser O., Alshammari TM., Aragon M., Areia C., Banda JM., Cho J., Culhane AC., Davydov A., DeFalco FJ., Duarte-Salles T., DuVall S., Falconer T., Fernandez-Bertolin S., Gao W., Golozar A., Hardin J., Hripcsak G., Huser V., Jeon H., Jing Y., Jung CY., Kaas-Hansen BS., Kaduk D., Kent S., Kim Y., Kolovos S., Lane JCE., Lee H., Lynch KE., Makadia R., Matheny ME., Mehta PP., Morales DR., Natarajan K., Nyberg F., Ostropolets A., Park RW., Park J., Posada JD., Prats-Uribe A., Rao G., Reich C., Rho Y., Rijnbeek P., Schilling LM., Schuemie M., Shah NH., Shoaibi A., Song S., Spotnitz M., Suchard MA., Swerdel JN., Vizcaya D., Volpe S., Wen H., Williams AE., Yimer BB., Zhang L., Zhuk O., Prieto-Alhambra D., Ryan P.
Comorbid conditions appear to be common among individuals hospitalised with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) but estimates of prevalence vary and little is known about the prior medication use of patients. Here, we describe the characteristics of adults hospitalised with COVID-19 and compare them with influenza patients. We include 34,128 (US: 8362, South Korea: 7341, Spain: 18,425) COVID-19 patients, summarising between 4811 and 11,643 unique aggregate characteristics. COVID-19 patients have been majority male in the US and Spain, but predominantly female in South Korea. Age profiles vary across data sources. Compared to 84,585 individuals hospitalised with influenza in 2014-19, COVID-19 patients have more typically been male, younger, and with fewer comorbidities and lower medication use. While protecting groups vulnerable to influenza is likely a useful starting point in the response to COVID-19, strategies will likely need to be broadened to reflect the particular characteristics of individuals being hospitalised with COVID-19.