Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Previously-proposed rheumatoid arthritis (RA) HLA-DRB1 susceptibility and protective models were compared, based on amino acids at positions 67-74 and autoantibody combinations. 3 657 RA patients and 1 357 controls were studied using logistic regression, with secondary stratification by anti-citrullinated peptide antibodies(ACPA) and rheumatoid factor(RF). Susceptibility models were based on previously defined HLA-DRB1 shared epitope(SE) subgroups. (70)DERAA(74), D(70) and I(67) protective models were compared, adjusting for HLA-DRB1 SE. A hierarchy of risk was observed within the HLA-DRB1 SE, particularly for ACPA-positive and RF-positive RA: HLA-DRB1(*)0401∼(*)0404>(*)0101∼(*)1001 ((*)0404>(*)0101: P=0.0003). HLA-DRB1(*)0401/(*)0404 compound heterozygosity conferred a risk similar to (*)0401 homozygosity (P=0.70). Protective effects of D(70) and I(67) were similar. Predictions of the D(70) model fitted the data better than those of the I(67) model. The protective effect of D(70) showed a gene-dose effect (OR 0.82, 95% CI 0.73-0.92, P=5.8 × 10(-4)), but was only seen in RA patients positive for RF or ACPA. HLA-DRB1 SE alleles were also associated with ACPA-negative, RF-positive RA (OR 1.42 (1.15-1.76), P=0.0012). In conclusion, HLA-DRB1 SE alleles show heterogeneity in RA susceptibility; their major effect appears to be mediated by ACPA positivity, but a significant association of HLA-DRB1 SE with RF-positive, ACPA-negative RA was also observed. D(70) specifically protected against antibody-positive RA.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/gene.2011.60

Type

Journal article

Journal

Genes and immunity

Publication Date

02/2012

Volume

13

Pages

120 - 128

Addresses

NIHR-Leeds Musculoskeletal Biomedical Research Unit, Leeds Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.

Keywords

YEAR Consortium, UKRAG Consortium, Humans, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Autoantibodies, Genetics, Population, Genotype, Alleles, England, Female, Male, HLA-DRB1 Chains