Increased production of intracellular interleukin-1 receptor antagonist type I in the synovium of mice with collagen-induced arthritis: a possible role in the resolution of arthritis.
Gabay C., Marinova-Mutafchieva L., Williams RO., Gigley JP., Butler DM., Feldmann M., Arend WP.
OBJECTIVE: To examine the patterns of production of interleukin-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra) isoforms and of IL-1beta during arthritis in vivo. METHODS: Arthritis was induced in DBA/1 mice by immunization with type II collagen, and the production of IL-1Ra isoforms was examined in whole joints and in dissected synovial tissues by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), RNase protection assay, Western blotting, immunostaining, and in situ hybridization. Production of IL-1beta also was examined using similar approaches. RESULTS: Production of IL-1Ra increased in the joints during collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). By RT-PCR, secreted IL-1Ra messenger RNA (mRNA) was detected in normal joints, whereas intracellular IL-1Ra type I (icIL-1Ra1) mRNA was only produced in inflamed joints. Western blot studies showed that icIL-1Ra1 protein levels increased in the joints during the course of CIA and that icIL-1Ra3 protein was also present in low amounts. RNase protection assays showed that the IL-1beta:IL-1Ra mRNA ratio was increased in inflamed joints through day 14 of arthritis, whereas a reverse pattern was present at later time points (from day 20 to day 60). Consistent with this finding, immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization studies confirmed that icIL-1Ra1 was only present in inflamed joints. The histologic evaluation of CIA during the course of the disease indicated a resolution of acute inflammation, since icIL-1Ra1 production increased and the ratio of IL-1beta to total IL-1Ra decreased. CONCLUSION: Production of IL-1Ra isoforms, particularly icIL-1Ra1, is stimulated in inflamed joints during CIA in mice. The combination of decreased production of IL-1beta and elevated levels of icIL-1Ra1 during the course of CIA was associated with a reduction in inflammatory activity. These results suggest that icIL-1Ra1 may play a role in the resolution of murine CIA.