Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Type 4 phosphodiesterases (PDE4) play an important role in immune cells through the hydrolysis of the second messenger, cAMP. Inhibition of PDE4 has previously been shown to suppress immune and inflammatory responses, demonstrating PDE4 to be a valid therapeutic target for immune-mediated pathologies. We assessed the anti-inflammatory effects of a novel PDE4 inhibitor, apremilast, in human synovial cells from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, as well as two murine models of arthritis.Cells liberated from tissue excised from arthritic joints of RA patients were cultured in the presence of increasing concentrations of apremilast for 48 hours and spontaneous tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) production was analysed in culture supernatants by ELISA. In addition, arthritis was induced in BALB/c and DBA/1 mice by passive transfer of anti-type II collagen mAb and immunisation with type II collagen, respectively. Mice with established arthritis received 5 or 25 mg/kg apremilast and disease severity was monitored relative to mice receiving vehicle alone. At the end of the study, paws were removed and processed for histopathological assessment. Behavioural effects of apremilast, relative to rolipram, were assessed in naïve DBA/1 mice using an automated activity monitor (LABORAS).Apremilast dose dependently inhibited spontaneous release of TNFalpha from human rheumatoid synovial membrane cultures. Furthermore, apremilast significantly reduced clinical score in both murine models of arthritis over a ten day treatment period and maintained a healthy joint architecture in a dose-dependent manner. Importantly, unlike rolipram, apremilast demonstrated no adverse behavioural effects in naïve mice.Apremilast is an orally available PDE4 inhibitor that reduces TNFalpha production from human synovial cells and significantly suppresses experimental arthritis. Apremilast appears to be a potential new agent for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

Original publication

DOI

10.1186/ar3041

Type

Journal article

Journal

Arthritis research & therapy

Publication Date

01/2010

Volume

12

Addresses

The Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology, Imperial College London, 65 Aspenlea Road, London, W6 8LH, UK. f.mccann@ic.ac.uk

Keywords

Synovial Membrane, Cells, Cultured, Animals, Mice, Inbred BALB C, Mice, Inbred DBA, Humans, Mice, Arthritis, Experimental, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Disease Models, Animal, Thalidomide, Rolipram, Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha, Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors, Severity of Illness Index, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Phosphodiesterase 4 Inhibitors