Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory disease with a strong involvement of innate immunity. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are the best-characterized pattern recognition receptors of the innate immune system. Almost all cell types in lesions, inflammatory leukocytes and resident vascular cells alike express TLRs. TLRs are able to sense modified lipids, enhance foam cell formation, induce leukocyte recruitment, and increase cytokine and matrix metalloproteinase production within atherosclerotic lesions. As such, TLRs represent an important link between atheroma and inflammation, making them attractive targets for the treatment of cardiovascular disease. Novel TLR-specific biologics are being developed and tested in other inflammatory diseases. This article will describe the exciting potential of TLRs as therapeutic targets for the treatment of atherosclerosis and will also highlight the potential challenges in the clinical application of TLR-based therapeutics in cardiovascular disease.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Expert review of cardiovascular therapy

Publication Date

11/2010

Volume

8

Pages

1619 - 1635

Addresses

Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College, 65 Aspenlea Road, London, W6 8LH, UK.

Keywords

Humans, Inflammation, Cytokines, Signal Transduction, Atherosclerosis, Toll-Like Receptors, Molecular Targeted Therapy