Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVE: High titers of specific anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPAs) are frequently present in the serum of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, but their presence in synovial fluid is less well characterized. The purpose of this study was to compare the levels of antibody to 4 well-defined citrullinated candidate RA autoantigens in serum and synovial fluid and to determine whether antibodies to one citrullinated antigen are dominant over another. Furthermore, we studied their relationships with mutated citrullinated vimentin (MCV), a newly identified RA-specific serum assay, and the classic cyclic citrullinated peptide (CCP) in the synovial fluid of well-defined HLA-DR groups. METHODS: Paired serum and synovial fluid samples from 290 RA patients and serum samples from 100 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were analyzed for the presence of anti-MCV and anti-CCP antibodies and for reactivity to citrullinated fibrinogen, alpha-enolase, type II collagen, and vimentin. A total of 219 of the 290 patients were genotyped for the HLA-DR shared epitope alleles. RESULTS: Significantly higher proportions of antibodies against all RA-associated citrullinated antigens were found in synovial fluid as compared with serum. This was also true for the MCV and CCP responses but not for non-RA-associated anti-tetanus toxoid antibodies. As expected, we found a high correlation between citrullinated vimentin and MCV responses. All synovial fluid ACPAs were predominantly associated with HLA-DRB1*04 alleles and were confined to the CCP+/MCV+ subset of patients. CONCLUSION: MCV and CCP positivity represent a similar subset of RA patients, whereas ACPAs with different fine specificities fall into subgroups of anti-CCP+/anti-MCV+ patients. The levels of all specific ACPAs were elevated in synovial fluid, suggesting that there is local antibody production and/or retention of ACPAs at the site of inflammation governed by RA-predisposing genes.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Arthritis and rheumatism

Publication Date

01/2010

Volume

62

Pages

44 - 52

Addresses

Karolinska University Hospital, Karolinska Institutet at Solna, Stockholm, Sweden.

Keywords

Synovial Fluid, Humans, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Peptides, Cyclic, Collagen Type II, Vimentin, Phosphopyruvate Hydratase, Citrulline, Fibrinogen, DNA-Binding Proteins, Tumor Suppressor Proteins, Tumor Markers, Biological, Autoantibodies, HLA-DR Antigens, Autoantigens, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, Genotype, Mutation, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Middle Aged, Female, Male, Young Adult, HLA-DRB1 Chains