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Atherosclerosis is initiated by the retention of lipoproteins on proteoglycans in the arterial intima. However, the mechanisms leading to proteoglycan accumulation and lipoprotein retention are poorly understood. In this study, we set out to investigate the role of ADAMTS-5 (a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin motifs-5) in the vasculature. ADAMTS-5 was markedly reduced in atherosclerotic aortas of apolipoprotein E-null (apoE(-/-)) mice. The reduction of ADAMTS-5 was accompanied by accumulation of biglycan and versican, the major lipoprotein-binding proteoglycans, in atherosclerosis. ADAMTS-5 activity induced the release of ADAMTS-specific versican (DPEAAE(441)) and aggrecan ((374)ALGS) fragments as well as biglycan and link protein from the aortic wall. Fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF-2) inhibited ADAMTS-5 expression in isolated aortic smooth muscle cells and blocked the spontaneous release of ADAMTS-generated versican and aggrecan fragments from aortic explants. In aortas of ADAMTS-5-deficient mice, DPEAAE(441) versican neoepitopes were not detectable. Instead, biglycan levels were increased, highlighting the role of ADAMTS-5 in the catabolism of vascular proteoglycans. Importantly, ADAMTS-5 proteolytic activity reduced the LDL binding ability of biglycan and released LDL from human aortic lesions. This study provides the first evidence implicating ADAMTS-5 in the regulation of proteoglycan turnover and lipoprotein retention in atherosclerosis.

Original publication

DOI

10.1074/jbc.c112.350785

Type

Journal article

Journal

The Journal of biological chemistry

Publication Date

06/2012

Volume

287

Pages

19341 - 19345

Addresses

King's British Heart Foundation Centre, King's College London, London SE5 9NU, United Kingdom.

Keywords

Muscle, Smooth, Vascular, Aorta, Myocytes, Smooth Muscle, Animals, Mice, Knockout, Humans, Mice, Lipoproteins, LDL, Apolipoproteins E, Muscle Proteins, Middle Aged, Female, Male, Atherosclerosis, ADAM Proteins, Aggrecans, ADAMTS5 Protein