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Dentin matrix protein 1 (DMP-1) is highly expressed by osteocytes and is a non-collagenous matrix protein found in dentin and bone. In this study, we determined the expression of DMP-1 in mature and immature human bone and examined whether DMP-1 is useful in distinguishing osteoid/bone-forming tumours from other primary and secondary bone tumours. DMP-1 expression was immunohistochemically determined in paraffin sections of a wide range of benign and malignant primary bone tumours and tumour-like lesions (n = 353). DMP-1 mRNA expression was also examined in osteosarcoma and fibrosarcoma cell lines as well as bone tumour specimens (n = 5) using real-time PCR. In lamellar and woven bone, DMP-1 was expressed in the matrix around osteocyte lacunae and canaliculi; osteoblasts and other cell types in the bone were negative. Matrix staining of the osteoid and bone was seen in bone-forming tumours including osteoma, osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma and osteosarcoma. DMP-1 staining was also seen in fibrous dysplasia, osteofibrous dysplasia and chondroblastoma and in reactive bone in solitary bone cysts and aneurysmal bone cysts. DMP-1 was not expressed in the tumour component of other bone neoplasms including Ewing sarcoma, chondrosarcoma, leiomyosarcoma, fibrosarcoma, giant cell tumour of bone and metastatic carcinoma. DMP-1 mRNA was expressed in osteosarcoma cell lines and tumour samples. DMP-1 is a matrix marker expressed around osteocytes in human woven and lamellar bone and is useful in identifying osteosarcoma and other bone-forming tumours.

Original publication

DOI

10.1007/s00428-013-1399-z

Type

Journal article

Journal

Virchows Archiv : an international journal of pathology

Publication Date

05/2013

Volume

462

Pages

583 - 591

Addresses

Nuffield Department of Orthopaedics, Rheumatology and Musculoskeletal Sciences, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7HE, UK.

Keywords

Humans, Bone Neoplasms, Phosphoproteins, Extracellular Matrix Proteins, RNA, Messenger, Tumor Markers, Biological, Immunohistochemistry, Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction