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OBJECTIVES: To describe short-term (up to 12 months) and long-term (up to 7 years) damage in patients with newly diagnosed antineutrophil-cytoplasm antibody-associated vasculitis (AAV). METHODS: Data were combined from six European Vasculitis Study group trials (n=735). Long-term follow-up (LTFU) data available for patients from four trials (n=535). Damage accrued was quantified by the Vasculitis Damage Index (VDI). Sixteen damage items were defined a priori as being potentially treatment-related. RESULTS: VDI data were available for 629 of 735 patients (85.6%) at baseline, at which time 217/629 (34.5%) had ≥1 item of damage and 32 (5.1%) ≥5 items, reflecting disease manifestations prior to diagnosis and trial enrolment. LTFU data were available for 467/535 (87.3%) at a mean of 7.3 years postdiagnosis. 302/535 patients (56.4%) had VDI data at LTFU, with 104/302 (34.4%) having ≥5 items and only 24 (7.9%) no items of damage. At 6 months and LTFU, the most frequent items were proteinuria, impaired glomerular filtration rate, hypertension, nasal crusting, hearing loss and peripheral neuropathy. The frequency of damage, including potentially treatment-related damage, rose over time (p<0.01). At LTFU, the most commonly reported items of treatment-related damage were hypertension (41.5%; 95% CI 35.6 to 47.4%), osteoporosis (14.1%; 9.9 to 18.2%), malignancy (12.6%; 8.6 to 16.6%), and diabetes (10.4%; 6.7 to 14.0%). CONCLUSIONS: In AAV, renal, otolaryngological and treatment-related (cardiovascular, disease, diabetes, osteoporosis and malignancy) damage increases over time, with around one-third of patients having ≥5 items of damage at a mean of 7 years postdiagnosis.

Original publication

DOI

10.1136/annrheumdis-2013-203927

Type

Journal article

Journal

Ann rheum dis

Publication Date

01/2015

Volume

74

Pages

177 - 184

Keywords

Disease Activity, Epidemiology, Granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Outcomes research, Treatment, Adult, Aged, Anti-Neutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody-Associated Vasculitis, Diabetes Mellitus, Disease Progression, Europe, Female, Glomerular Filtration Rate, Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis, Hearing Loss, Humans, Hypertension, Immunosuppressive Agents, Male, Microscopic Polyangiitis, Middle Aged, Nasal Obstruction, Neoplasms, Osteoporosis, Peripheral Nervous System Diseases, Proteinuria, Severity of Illness Index