Clinical outcome following surgical intervention for periprosthetic hip fractures at a tertiary referral centre.
Matharu GS., Pynsent PB., Dunlop DJ., Revell MP.
Complications following surgical intervention for periprosthetic hip fractures are not uncommon. We report the clinical outcome following definitive surgical intervention for this indication at a single tertiary referral centre. All patients admitted between 2003 and 2009 undergoing such treatment were included. Patient demographics, all surgical interventions, complications following definitive fracture treatment, and postoperative mortality were recorded. Radiographs were reviewed to determine the Vancouver classification for each fracture. There were 67 patients (mean age at revision 76.7 years; 61% female). Fractures occurred around primary total hip arthroplasties (43%), revision arthroplasties (34%), and hip hemiarthroplasties (23%). Mean time to fracture from the most recent arthroplasty performed was 7.0 years. Most fractures were Vancouver type B2 (49%). The majority of patients underwent revision total hip arthroplasty (96%), using long-stemmed prostheses or proximal femoral endoprostheses, with cables for fracture fixation. Wound infection and systemic complications were seen in 16% and 13% respectively. One or more further surgical interventions were performed in 12%. There were no deaths in-hospital or at 30-days, with 10 fatalities (15%) at a mean 2-year follow-up. Lower rates of re-intervention and mortality were observed when surgery for acute periprosthetic hip fractures was performed at a tertiary centre. Revision hip arthroplasty with or without fracture fixation proved an effective and safe treatment of periprosthetic hip fractures in a high-risk patient population.