The long-Term outcome of patients treated operatively and non-Operatively for scoliosis deformity secondary to spina bifida
Khoshbin A., Vivas L., Law PW., Stephens D., Davis AM., Howard A., Jarvis JG., Wright JG.
© 2014 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term outcome of adults with spina bifida cystica (SBC) who had been treated either operatively or non-operatively for scoliosis during childhood. We reviewed 45 patients with a SBC scoliosis (Cobb angle ≥ 50°) who had been treated at one of two children's hospitals between 1991 and 2007. Of these, 34 (75.6%) had been treated operatively and 11 (24.4%) non-operatively. After a mean follow-up of 14.1 years (standard deviation (SD) 4.3) clinical, radiological and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes were evaluated using the Spina Bifida Spine Questionnaire (SBSQ) and the 36- Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). Although patients in the two groups were demographically similar, those who had undergone surgery had a larger mean Cobb angle (88.0° (SD 20.5; 50.0 to 122.0); versus 65.7° (SD 22.0; 51.0 to 115.0); p < 0.01) and a larger mean clavicle-rib intersection difference (12.3 mm; (SD 8.5; 1 to 37); versus 4.1 mm, (SD 5.9; 0 to 16); p = 0.01) than those treated nonoperatively. Both groups were statistically similar at follow-up with respect to walking capacity, neurological motor level, sitting balance and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) outcomes. Spinal fusion in SBC scoliosis corrects coronal deformity and stops progression of the curve but has no clear effect on HRQOL.