INTRODUCTION: Sliding hip screw fixation is well established in the treatment of trochanteric fractures of the hip. The X-Bolt Dynamic Hip Plating System builds on the successful design features of the sliding hip screw but differs in the nature of the fixation in the femoral head. A randomised pilot study suggested that the X-bolt Dynamic Hip Plating System might provide similar health-related quality of life while reducing the risk of revision surgery when compared with the sliding hip screw. This is the protocol for a multicentre randomised trial of sliding hip screw versus X-Bolt Dynamic Hip Plating System for patients 60 years and over treated for a trochanteric fracture of the hip. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Multicentre, multisurgeon, parallel, two-arm, randomised controlled trial. Patients aged 60 years and older with a trochanteric hip fracture are potentially eligible. Participants will be randomly allocated on a 1:1 basis to either sliding hip screw or X-Bolt Dynamic Hip Plating System. Otherwise, all care will be in accordance with National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidance. A minimum of 1128 patients will be recruited to obtain 90% power to detect a 0.075-point difference in EuroQol-5D health-related quality of life at 4 months postrandomisation. Secondary outcomes include mortality, residential status, revision surgery and radiographic measures. The treatment effect will be estimated using a two-sided t-test adjusted for age, gender and cognitive impairment based on an intention-to-treat analysis. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: National Research Ethics Committee approved this study on 5 February 2016 (16/WM/0001). The study is sponsored by the University of Oxford and funded through an investigator initiated grant by X-Bolt Orthopaedics. A manuscript for a high-impact peer-reviewed journal will be prepared, and the results will be disseminated to patients through local mechanisms at participating centres. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ISRCTN92825709.
fracture fixation, hip, randomised controlled trial, sliding hip screw, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Bone Plates, Bone Screws, Female, Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary, Hip Fractures, Humans, Linear Models, Male, Middle Aged, Pilot Projects, Quality of Life, Reoperation, Research Design, Treatment Outcome, United Kingdom