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Patients treated for total radial aplasia have been reviewed. It was possible to re-align the carpus by radialization in five out of six limbs treated with pre-operative distraction, but in only one out of six treated without distraction. The average improvement in radial angulation in the non-distraction group was 19 degrees and in the distraction group 38 degrees. The average improvement in radial translation was 16 mm and 17 mm in the two groups respectively. Pre-operative distraction with the Kessler device permits re-alignment of the hand without skeletal resection or excessive tension on the radial neurovascular structures.

Original publication




Journal article


J hand surg br

Publication Date





103 - 107


Bone Lengthening, Case-Control Studies, Hand Deformities, Congenital, Humans, Infant, Radius