Development of a model-based Roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis system to measure polyethylene wear in unicompartmental arthroplasty.
Simpson DJ., Kendrick BJ., Kaptein BL., Price AJ., Murray DW., Gill HS.
One of the most important causes of failure in unicompartmental knee replacement (UKR) is polyethylene wear. The aim of this study was to develop and assess a novel Roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis (RSA)-based method for the measurement of linear wear suitable for UKR. Model-based RSA was used to estimate the linear wear of polyethylene bearings in UKR. A phantom was used to validate the method using in vitro measured bearing thicknesses and the linear wear of ten control bearings was estimated in vivo. Computer aided design (CAD) models for the UKRs were used in the model-based RSA system. There was no statistically significant difference between the estimated and measured bearing thicknesses using the CAD models (p = 0.386). The precision of the linear wear measurement, expressed as the standard deviation of the difference between the estimated and measured bearing thickness was 0.163 mm. The bias (mean difference) was 0.030 mm. The use of RSA to measure in vivo wear in a UKR has been shown to be accurate in a phantom, and has been verified with in vivo measured controls. The technique does not require surgical implantation of marker balls and can be used retrospectively.