Genetic influences in the aetiology of anteromedial osteoarthritis of the knee.
McDonnell SM., Sinsheimer J., Price AJ., Carr AJ.
We report a study of 112 patients with primary anteromedial osteoarthritis of the knee and their families. Sibling risk was determined using randomly selected single siblings. Spouses were used as controls. The presence of symptomatic osteoarthritis was determined using an Oxford knee score of > or= 29 supported by a Kellgren and Lawrence radiological score of II or greater. Using Fisher's exact test we found that there was a significant increased risk of anteromedial osteoarthritis (OA) relative to the control group (p = 0.031). The recurrence risk of anteromedial OA to siblings was 3.21 (95% confidence interval 1.12 to 9.27). These findings imply that genetic factors may play a major role in the development of anteromedial OA of the knee.