Age related changes in biochemical markers of bone metabolism in horses.
Price JS., Jackson B., Eastell R., Goodship AE., Blumsohn A., Wright I., Stoneham S., Lanyon LE., Russell RG.
Biochemical markers of bone metabolism were analysed in serum samples obtained from 60 horses with no history of orthopaedic disease (age 3 months-20 years). Serum levels of the carboxyterminal propeptide of type I procollagen (PICP), a marker of bone formation and the pyridinoline cross linked telopeptide domain of type I collagen (ICTP), a putative marker of bone resorption, were measured by radioimmunoassay (RIA). Serum levels of the bone specific isoenzyme of alkaline phosphatase (BALP), another marker of bone formation, were measured by a wheatgerm agglutinin affinity (WGA) method. Total alkaline phosphatase levels were also determined. Serum levels of PICP were significantly correlated with bone ALP (r = 0.78, P < 0.0001) and ICTP (r = 0.87, P < 0.0001). ICTP levels also correlated significantly with bone ALP (r = 0.81, P < 0.0001). However, total alkaline phosphatase did not correlate significantly with PICP, ICTP and BALP in horses over 1 year of age. There was an inverse correlation between serum levels of all biochemical markers and age of animals, with the most significant changes seen over the first 2 years. In animals less than 1 year of age, the reference ranges (mean +/- s.d. 1.96) were as follows: PICP 1216-2666 micrograms/l, ICTP 13.8-26.7 micrograms/l, bone ALP 134-288 u/l and total ALP 223-498 u/l. In 2-year-olds, the equivalent reference ranges were: PICP 550-1472 micrograms/l, ICTP 7.96-22.8 micrograms/l, bone ALP 32.7-125 u/l and total ALP 134-238 u/l.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)