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OBJECTIVES: To confirm the association of a functional single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), C1858T (rs2476601), in the PTPN22 gene of British Caucasian rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and to evaluate its influence on the RA phenotype. METHODS: A total of 686 RA patients and 566 healthy volunteers, all of British Caucasian origin, were genotyped for C1858T polymorphism by PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay. Data were analysed using SPSS software and the chi 2 test as applicable. RESULTS: The PTPN22 1858T risk allele was more prevalent in the RA patients (13.9%) compared with the healthy controls (10.3%) (P = 0.008, odds ratio 1.4, 95% confidence interval 1.09-1.79). The association of the T allele was restricted to those with rheumatoid factor (RF)-positive disease (n = 524, 76.4%) (P = 0.004, odds ratio 1.5, 95% confidence interval 1.1-1.9). We found no association between PTPN22 and the presence of the HLA-DRB1 shared epitope or clinical characteristics. CONCLUSIONS: We confirmed the previously reported association of PTPN22 with RF-positive RA, which was independent from the HLA-DRB1 genotype.

Original publication

DOI

10.1093/rheumatology/kei250

Type

Journal article

Journal

Rheumatology (Oxford, England)

Publication Date

08/2006

Volume

45

Pages

1009 - 1011

Addresses

Botnar Research Centre, University of Oxford, Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Oxford OX3 7LD, UK. pille.harrison@ndos.ox.ac.uk

Keywords

Humans, Arthritis, Rheumatoid, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Rheumatoid Factor, HLA-DR Antigens, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Gene Frequency, Genotype, Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Middle Aged, Female, Male, Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases, Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 22