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PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The assessment of fracture risk and use of antiosteoporosis medications have increased greatly over the last 20-30 years. However, despite this, osteoporosis care remains suboptimal worldwide. Even in patients who have sustained a fragility fracture, fewer than 20% actually receive appropriate antiosteoporosis therapy in the year following the fracture. There is also evidence that treatment rates have declined substantially in the last 5-10 years, in many countries. The goal of this article is to consider the causes for this decline and consider how this situation could be remedied. RECENT FINDINGS: A number of possible reasons, including the lack of prioritisation of osteoporosis therapy in ageing populations with multimorbidity, disproportionate concerns regarding the rare side effects of anti-resorptives and adverse changes in reimbursement in the USA, have been identified as contributing factors in poor osteoporosis care. Improved secondary prevention strategies; screening measures (primary prevention) and appropriate, cost-effective guideline and treatment threshold development could support the optimisation of osteoporosis care and prevention of future fractures.

Original publication




Journal article


Curr osteoporos rep

Publication Date





38 - 46


Adverse effects, Epidemiology, Fracture, Osteoporosis, Policy, Treatment gap