Composite Measures for Clinical Trials in Psoriatic Arthritis: Testing Pain and Fatigue Modifications in a UK Multicenter Study.
Tillett W., FitzGerald O., Coates LC., Packham J., Jadon DR., Massarotti M., Brook M., Lane S., Creamer P., Antony A., Korendowych E., Rambojun A., McHugh NJ., Helliwell PS., and Philip S. Helliwell on behalf of the PROMPT Study Group None.
OBJECTIVE: To test the addition of pain and fatigue to the Composite Psoriatic Arthritis Disease Activity (CPDAI) and the Group for Research and Assessment of Psoriasis and PsA (GRAPPA) Composite Exercise (GRACE) composite measures of psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: Clinical and patient-reported outcome measures were assessed in patients with PsA at 3 consecutive follow-up visits over 6 months in a UK multicenter observational study. A pain visual analog scale and Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy Fatigue scale were added as modifications to the CPDAI and GRACE composite measures. Original and modified versions were tested against the PsA Disease Activity Score (PASDAS) and the Disease Activity Index for PsA (DAPSA). Discrimination between disease states and responsiveness were tested with t-scores, standardized response means (SRMs), and effect sizes. Data were presented to members at the 2020 annual meeting who then voted on the GRAPPA-recommended composite and treatment targets for clinical trials. RESULTS: One hundred forty-one patients were recruited with a mean PsA disease duration of 6.1 years (range 0-41 yrs). The SRMs for the GRACE and modified GRACE (mGRACE) were 0.67 and 0.64, respectively, and 0.54 and 0.46, respectively, for the CPDAI and modified CPDAI (mCPDAI). The t-scores for the GRACE and mGRACE were unchanged at 7.8 for both, and 6.8 and 7.0 for the CPDAI and mCPDAI, respectively. The PASDAS demonstrated the best responsiveness (SRM 0.84) and discrimination (t-scores 8.3). Most members (82%) agreed the composites should not be modified and 77% voted for the PASDAS as the GRAPPA-recommended composite for clinical trials, with 90% minimal disease activity (MDA) as the target. CONCLUSION: Modifying the CPDAI and GRACE with the addition of pain and fatigue does not enhance responsiveness nor the measures' ability to detect disease status in terms of requiring treatment escalation. GRAPPA members voted for the PASDAS as the composite measure in clinical trials and MDA as the target.