Feasibility of delivering foot and ankle surgical courses in a partnership in Eastern, Central and Sothern Africa.
Brown RR., Davies MB., Drury G., Lane J., Lavy C., Nungu S., Munthali J.
BACKGROUND: Foot and ankle pathology if not treated appropriately and in a timely manner can adversely affect both disability and quality adjusted life years. More so in the low- and middle-income countries where ambulation is the predominant means of getting around for the majority of the population in order to earn a livelihood. This has necessitated the equipping of the new generation of orthopaedic surgeons with the expertise and skills set to manage these conditions. To address this need, surgeons from the British Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (BOFAS) and College of Surgeons of Eastern, Central and Southern Africa (COSECSA) transferred the "Principles of Foot and Ankle Surgery" course to an African regional setting. The course was offered to surgical trainees from 14-member countries of the COSECSA region and previously in the UK. The faculty was drawn from practicing surgeons experienced in both surgical education and foot and ankle surgery. The course comprises didactic lectures, case-based discussions in small groups, patient evaluations and guided surgical dissections on human cadavers. It was offered free to all participants. The feasibility of the course was evaluated using the model defined by Bowen considering the eight facets of acceptability, demand, implementation, practicality, adaptation, integration, expansion and limited efficacy. At the end of the course participants were expected to give verbal subjective feedback and objective feedback using a cloud based digital feedback questionnaire. The course content was evaluated by the participants as "Poor", "Below average", "Average", "Good" and "Excellent", which was converted into a value from 1-5 for analysis. The non-parametric categorical data was analysed using the Two-sample Wilcoxon rank-sum (Mann-Whitney) test, and significance was considered to be p