Thyroid lobectomy for low-risk thyroid cancers.
Puttergill B., Khan S., Christakis I., Dumbill R., Mclaren A., Sadler G., Mihai R.
BACKGROUND: The 2016 American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines proposed thyroid lobectomy for low-risk differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC); however, this approach is yet to be widely adopted. The aim of the study was to review our practice over three years following the publication of these guidelines identifying patients who underwent lobectomy-only for low-risk DTC in two regional units in the same multidisciplinary team (MDT). METHOD: A retrospective review of patients who were operated between January 2016 and December 2018 was carried out. RESULTS: In total, 288 patients undergoing thyroid surgery were included. The preoperative distribution of cytology was: Thy 1 or 2 in 46, THY3a in 57, THY3f in 154, THY4 in 18 and THY5 in 13 patients. Median size of nodules was 26mm (range 1-70mm). DTC was diagnosed in 95 patients (33%). Overall, 39% (n = 37) of patients underwent completion thyroidectomy according to ATA recommendations on size or adverse histological features. The only variable associated with likelihood of completion was tumour size (p