Implant survivorship, functional outcomes and complications with the use of rotating hinge knee implants: a systematic review.
Xu J., von Fritsch L., Sabah SA., Price AJ., Alvand A.
BACKGROUND: With more complex primary and revision total knee arthroplasty procedures there is often the need to use more constrained prostheses. This study aims to investigate patient-relevant outcomes following primary and revision rotating-hinged total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: Electronic searches were performed using four databases from their date of inception to January 2021. Relevant studies were identified, with data extracted and analysed using PRIMSA guidelines. RESULTS: Nineteen studies were included, producing a cohort of 568 primary and 413 revision rotating hinge total knee arthroplasties (TKAs). Survival was assessed at 1-, 5-, and 10-year post-implantation. Sensitivity analyses based on person-time incidence ratios (PTIRs) were prespecified for studies not reporting survival at these timepoints. From the primary hinge TKA cohort, the median survival at 1 year was 93.4% and at 10 years it was 87%. The PTIR at long-term follow-up of this primary cohort was 1.07 (95% CI 0.4-1.7) per 100 person-years. From the revision hinge TKA cohort, the median survival at 1 year was 79.6%, and at 10 years it was 65.1%. The PTIR at long term-follow-up of this revision cohort was 1.55 (95% CI 0.9-2.3) per 100 person-years. Post-operative flexion range of motion (ROM) was 110° for primary hinge TKA and 103° for revision hinge TKA. Compared with baseline, the Knee Society Score (KSS) and Knee Society Function Score (KSFS) improved for both groups post-operatively (primary: KSS 17 to 86, KSFS 28 to 58; revision: KSS 37 to 82, KSFS 34 to 61). CONCLUSION: The quality of the evidence for patient-relevant outcomes following hinged knee arthroplasty was limited. While there is the potential for high early revision rates, where successful, large functional benefits may be achieved.